Mexico at a Glance
More than 23,000 years ago Mexico attracted Paleo-Indian settlers with its land’s capability to grow maize and beans. Today, the country is a thriving federal republic in North America and the fifth largest in both Americas. Since its pre-Columbian years, Mexico has flourished into a strong country with a large economy. Though it is a newly industrialized country, its GDP alone helped it rank 13th among countries generating large nominal income. These aside, Mexico is one of the most popular tourist destinations. Its visitors fly from the United States, Canada, Europe and Asia seeking its historical, cultural and natural beauty. Besides, the country offers a variety of travel options, making it very friendly to visitors on a limited budget.
Must-see Places and Things to do In Mexico
Mexico is a tourism capital. For history lovers, the country offers 26 UNSCO World Heritage Sites as well as countless museums, ruins and ancient building. Meanwhile, there are beaches, zoos, islands and reefs waiting to be explored by a fresh set of eyes.
To help you plan your trip to Mexico, we've put together a list of the most popular things to see and do:
- Palacio de Bellas Artes – An architectural marvel in Mexico City, the Palacio de Bellas Artes serves multiple purposes. Not only is it an art museum that features the works of Diego Rivera and Rufino Tamayo, but it is also a theatre where you can watch the Ballet Folklorico de Mexico.
- La Iglesia de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe – Also known as The Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe, this century-old cathedral is a popular tourist attraction in Puerto Vallarta. If you’re in the area by the end of November, make sure to check out the 12-day Feast of Guadalupe festival. Processions with mariachis, Aztec dancers and other entertainers steal the show.
- Chichen Itza – Chichen Itza is the largest archaeological city in Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. Not only is the Mayan city a UNESCO World Heritage Site, but it is also one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. You can visit the El Castillo pyramid, Interior Temple, the Temple of the Jaguars and other structures in the area.
- Isla de Pasion – Passion Island has been described more than once as a beach paradise. 15 minutes away from downtown Cozumel, this beach is the best place to be if you seek seclusion and relaxation. There are hammocks, lounge beds, picnic tables and different beach games for the little ones.
- Plaza de Armas – Plaza de Armas is the main square in Zacatecas. It is where the most important buildings, including the Cathedral and the State Government Palace, are located. The Gonzalez Ortgea Market, the Calderon Theatre and Enrique Estrada General Park are some of the attractions of the square.
Mexico Essential Facts and Travel Tips
Here are some practical travel tips to have an enjoyable stay in Mexico :
- Capital: Mexico City is the capital and largest city of Mexico. In addition to being a federal district, the city is a major cultural, educational and financial centre.
- UTC Time: UTC – 6 to -8
- Languages Spoken: The official language is Mexican English. There is a large number of indigenous languages as well, including Nahuatl, Yukatek Maya and Mixtec. English is also used, but it is limited to tourist attractions, hotels and shopping malls.
- National Airlines: Mexico has two official flag carriers: Aeromexico and Mexicana.
- Population: Mexico is the 11th most populous city with 112,336,538.
- Electricity: 110V and 60Hz are available across the country.
- Climate: The climate along the coastal areas is hot and humid, especially during summer. As for the centre, elevated areas are dryer and more temperate. However, expect temperatures in both areas to exceed 25C during day and to decrease all below 18C by night.
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