Cuba at a Glance
Cuba is the largest country in the Caribbean, both by population and surface area. Cuba is also one of the most romantic destinations in the Caribbean that is gradually opening up to tourism. Cuba was populated by Amerindians and other tribes before the Spanish inquisition. The Spanish colonialists left after a fierce battle of independence. Modern Cuba is an amazing country with thousands of miles of pristine beaches, high lands, rain forests and agricultural lands. Cuba has a distinctive culture that is known for its openness, a great preference for music and dance and for its exquisite culinary delights. Cuba is a popular tourist destination that offers affordable as well as luxurious accommodation.
Must-see Places and Things to do In CubaCuba is a vast country with thousands of attractions. To help you plan your trip to Cuba, we've put together a list of the most popular things to see and do:
- Malecon - The Malecon is the main seaside promenade in Havana. Built in the early 20th century, the Malecon has become the icon of Havana and its cultural hub.
- Plaza de la Revolucion - One of the largest squares in the world, Plaza de la Revolucion attracts many tourists because of its national significance and military parades.
- Sierra Maestra - The Sierra Maestra is a prominent peak covered with thick vegetation. The trails meander through the forests and enable trekkers to marvel at the Cuban biodiversity.
- Bellamar Caves - The Bellamar Caves contain ancient pictographs and are also rich in natural beauty with underground rivers, lakes and falls. The caves attract a large number of tourists every year.
- Old Havana - The capital of Cuba holds many treasures. The old town is home to architectural landmarks, plazas, theatres, sports arenas, restaurants and bars. At least a week is required to fully explore the old town of Havana.
- Cigars - The Cuban cigars are considered the best in the world. There are many cigar factories in Cuba that are open to visitors where they are encouraged to roll cigars and participate in other activities.
- Beaches - Cuba has over 3,000 miles of beaches that have offer some of the most picturesque locales. Apart from the usual fun, many tourists like to take a dip in the waters or indulge in more advanced sports such as snorkelling and scuba diving.
- Festivals - Cuba hosts dozens of national and regional festivals and carnivals. The cultural elegance of the island nation is on full display at these events along with musical numbers, dancing and plenty of food.
Cuba: Essential Facts and Travel Tips
- Capital: Havana is the largest city of Cuba and the seat of government. The city has a population of 2.1 million. Havana is also the cultural capital and largest commercial center of Cuba.
- Time: GMT -5 (Standard), GMT -4 (Summer)
- Languages Spoken: Spanish is the most commonly spoken language in Cuba that is also the sole official language recognised under the Cuban constitution.
- National Airlines: Cubana is the flag carrier of Cuba and the island nation is served by some American, Latin and European carriers.
- Population: Cuba had a population of 11.2 million in 2010 that largely lives in towns and cities.
- Electricity: Cuba has an electrical standard of 110v and 60 Hz.
- Climate: Cuba has a humid tropical climate with average annual temperature in Havana computed at 29 degrees Celsius.
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